Landscape Hospital

The landscape hospital is a proposal for the redevelopment of an existing hospital site in Vilnius, Lithuania. The landscape hospital radically breaks with the problematic experience of a hospital as a labyrinthine building. A building dominated by long and never ending corridors, disconnected from the outside world. The landscape hospital brings the inside out. All patients have a private room with their own front door along the outer facade connected to the terraced gardens of the hospital. The classic experience of a hospital visit will be replaced by a walk through a park like environment to your relative’s private room entering by simply ringing the patient’s doorbell.


On the inside, the operation rooms are strategically located in the heart of the building. Two big patios bring sight and daylight into the operation rooms, an asset for doctors performing long-hour operations. Organized in rings around the patios are less emergent areas such as diagnostic rooms. With the technical cure of the patient in the heart of the building and the care of the patient organized along the outer facade of the building, logical efficiency is combined with a healing environment.


Public health-oriented functions such as a swimming pool, fitness, meditation room and a restaurant are located in the big cavities formed by the building. Two public axes connect this public program with the neighborhood and the existing neoclassical hospital building. The old building accommodates a community centre, a day nursery, senior club, care homes and primary health care facilities, such as GPs and dentists.


Greenery and independence are highly conducive to the patient’s general well being and aid in the healing process. The room’s entrances are designed as small private greenhouses in order to control the climate each individual rooms. Sun warmth heats the room in winter, while in the summer the greenhouse will be naturally ventilated controlling the temperature of the room in a comfortable way.



Location: Vilnius, Lithuania
Client: Dutch Centre of Health Assets, TNO

Program: Hospital

Area: 48.800 m2
Status: Competition entry, 2nd prize

Project team: Jarrik Ouburg, Joost Huijzer, Studio Paulien Bremmer

Consultants: Twynstra Gudde BV, Marije Talstra, John Dols